Propionate produced in the gut as a result of bacterial fermentation reduces energy intake and appetite, regulates adipogenesis, and reduces adipose tissue inflammation, finally resulting in weight loss.
Vitamin C decreases weight by increasing fat metabolism by 30% and reducing the inflammation of adipocytes. Vitamin C also increases the concentration of adiponectin, leptin, and insulin sensitivity.
Vitamin C decreases cravings by improving glycemic control and repairing and protecting brain centers responsible for serotonin and leptin sensitivity.
Vitamin C improves diabetes control by improving insulin sensitivity, glycemic control, oxidative stress, and immune responses.
Tyramine reduces cravings by increasing the concentration of dopamine and norepinephrine.
Tyramine reduces the quantity of insulin required to maintain normal blood glucose levels by stimulating glucose transport in adipocytes.
L-Tryptophan, acting via serotonergic neurons in hypothalamic feeding center, alters satiety and food preference, decreases carbohydrate cravings, carbohydrate intake, and daily energy intake, and promotes weight loss.
L-Tryptophan, either endogenous or exogenous, decreases craving. Tryptophan levels are reduced in obese individuals (by 18-25%) and dietary tryptophan administration suppresses carbohydrate craving (by 40%).
L-Tryptophan increases insulin and incretins secretion. The effect results in better glycemic control in diabetics.
Cayenne pepper significantly reduces weight (by 2%) and fat mass (by 7.8%) by increasing energy expenditure (by 13%) and decreasing ad libitum food intake resulting in ~960 calorie deficit per day. In an average 118 kg (260 lb) client, this is 2.4 kg (5.3 lbs) weight loss, 9.2 kg (20 lbs) fat loss, and 4 kg (8.8 lbs) increase in lean mass.
Cayenne pepper reduces cravings by 13.9% as a result of improved glycaemic control and reduced ghrelin levels.
Cayenne pepper reduces postprandial blood glucose levels by 10% resulting in improved glucose control and decreased risk of long-term complications.
Citrus aurantium decreases weight by up to 2.4 kg (5.3 lbs) in 1 week. Citrus aurantium increases the overall metabolism of fats and lipids by increasing epinephrine stimulation and increases the thermic effect of food by 29% in women.
Citrus aurantium decreases cravings by increasing the synthesis of insulin and dopamine, improving insulin sensitivity, suppressing ghrelin synthesis, protecting the liver from oxidative stress, and decreasing depression and anxiety.
Citrus aurantium improves insulin sensitivity and its synthesis by decreasing proliferation of adipocytes and fat accumulation. It also protects the liver from oxidative stress thus improving its ability to metabolize glucose.
Obesity is caused by overeating, consuming unhealthy food, and satisfying cravings. We propose that while overeating is strongly linked to emotions and consuming unhealthy food relates to poor education, cravings are a medical condition responsible for the majority of unnecessary calories. Cravings differ from hunger in that hunger can be postponed, whereas cravings require immediate satisfaction for a specific substance such as sugar or fat (e.g. cakes, burgers, ice cream). Research proves that cravings are caused by the imbalance of gut flora, blood glucose levels, brain chemicals (mainly neurotransmitters), and five specific hormones (ghrelin, dopamine, epinephrine, norepinephrine, and serotonin).
Supporting Clinical Research on Diabetes in GLOBESITY Bootcamp for the Obese Authors: Marcus Free MD, Rouzbeh Motiei-Langroudi MD, Waqar Ahmad PhD, Kelly Daly RDN, and Don Juravin (Don Karl Juravin). The Effects of GBA Regimen on Diabetes The GBA regimen is effective for diabetics as its ingredients decrease fasting glucose, postprandial glucose, and HbA1C, and […]
Sugar is made from equal parts of fructose and glucose. Almost all sugars and sweeteners activate the brain reward system, but to different extents. For instance, fructose consumption is accompanied by a higher activity rise in the brain reward system and less satiety inducing. The effect is seen to a relatively less extent in glucose, saccharin, and sucralose.
The common definition considers red meat as a meat with a darker color before and after cooking. However, in nutrition, red meat is defined as any meat that has more myoglobin than white meat. Red meat is defined as all meats obtained from mammals (regardless of cut or age) as they have more myoglobin (United States Department of Agriculture). This includes beef, veal, lamb, pork, and also a leg of chicken and turkey (the latter are considered white by common definition). Fish and poultry (excluding legs) are considered white meat.